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1 Kings 19 - Elijah - Depression

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DEPRESSION 1 Kings 19 IBC 6pm

I. RELEVANCE
GPs' “Unpopularity” Ranking/”Stigma”
drug addiction
alcoholism
schizophrenia
dementia
severe depression
panic disorder
eating disorder
413
377
343
339
255
216
215
Jesus:
Isa. 42:3 ‘A bruised reed he will not break, and a smouldering wick he will not snuff out...’

II. WHAT DEPRESSION IS
Psychology: 'A psychiatric disorder characterised by an inability to concentrate, insomnia, loss of appetite, anhedonia, feelings of extreme sadness, guilt, helplessness and hopelessness, and thoughts of death. Also called clinical depression.'

See GP example questionnaire.

III. CHRISTIANS CAN BE DEPRESSED TOO
Elijah?, C.H. Spurgeon, C.S. Lewis, Charles Simeon, Martin Luther, Amy Carmichael, William Cowper DwD p.51 (see further reading below).

1 Cor. 10:13 No temptation has seized you except what is common to man
[i.e. some things are shared by many humans]

IV. THERE CAN BE MANY CAUSES
Possible causes of depression for Elijah:

Spiritual:
He lived in evil days with Ahab and Jezebel in charge.
He had sinned, perhaps, by running in fear in v3. Taken his eyes off God.
[Depression can be connected to sin, but may not be.]
Jam. 5:17 Elijah was a human just like us...

Physical causes:
He was tired v5.

Circumstances:
There was great opposition, e.g. 850 false prophets in 1 Kings 18.
He was very lonely v10,14.

Emotional causes:
He felt a failure v4

Maybe there were also medical/biological/biochemical causes too?

V. SOME PEOPLE NEED MEDICAL HELP
4 out of 5 people will get better without any medical help. DwD p.43

'We often think of depression or feeling low as a weakness. Indeed, it certainly is about being weak, just like getting flu or cancer or a broken leg is about being weak... Life comes with its sorrow and its sickness and we must not assume that depression in itself is a sin.' DwD p.52

The mainstays of medical treatment are:
self-help (including web sites, books, sleep, less alcohol, exercise),
talking treatments (Counselling, CBT) and
medical; treatments. p.43ff.

Further reading:
DwD: 'Dealing with Depression',
Sarah Collins and Jayne Haynes, published by Christian Focus.

REVIEW OF THE BOOK: 'DEALING WITH DEPRESSION'
by consultant psychiatrist Keron Fletcher

1. This is a book you can confidently use for your "Depression Evening". It is, oddly enough, an uplifting book about depression!

2. The book has a great number of strengths. It is a light, easy read - important for a depressed person. It points out that the term "depression" covers a range of mental health problems - good. It describes a range of different interventions briefly but well - self-help, psychological approaches ("talking treatments"), medical approaches (including ECT). It deals thoroughly with the "how can I be depressed if I'm a Christian?" issue, using a sound, biblical approach. The brief histories of believers who have struggled with depression are simply excellent (perhaps one of the most helpful and encouraging features for a depressed person who might read this book). These examples include mixed up/distressed people, people with moderate depressive episodes as well as sufferers of severe depression. How heart warming for a Christian psychiatrist to read a believing woman writing: "Every day of my life I thank God for the ECT treatment I received" (p58)! There is more sound, good advice for non-depressed people who have to cope with depressed loved ones - very practical. The "Helpful reading and Internet resources" at back are also useful.

3. It is particularly pleasing to see as a thread throughout the book the theme that God has not abandoned the depressed person, that He is in control of depression just as He is in control of everything else, and that He uses depression as a means to a good end, albeit that end might be in glory. I think Roger Carswell was the only person to point out that Christ knows all about being a man of sorrows, but other biblical characters are included in the book as further examples. Like the patient histories, the Appendices are terrific. Roger Carswell's honest discussion on suicidal thoughts deserves particular praise, coming from such a well-known figure.

4. There are some weaknesses, but I am being fairly harsh and I'm making them with my psychiatrist's hat on. At the very beginning of the book the authors rightly say that depression is characterised by persistently low mood. However, they then go on to discuss depression mostly in terms of a feeling state - feeling down i.e. just an emotional condition. "Mood" has three components - emotions (up, down, angry, anxious), repetitive behaviour (appetite, libido, bowels movements, periods, a certain level of interest in activities, stability of mood through the day which is lost in depression), and energy levels (agitation - so unable to remain still, hand-wringing, restless pacing, insomnia etc, and retardation - sitting or lying still, expressionless face, monotonous speech, poverty of ideas). Why do I mention this? Well, firstly, emotions go up and down normally, especially in response to circumstances and relationships, and this is why terms such as disappointment, disenchantment, distress etc often get muddled with "depression". Making a self-diagnosis of depression just on the basis of how down you feel would not be a good idea. Secondly, some seriously depressed people have no feelings at all - not even low feelings. This is "alexithymia", and it's not that uncommon, so perhaps deserved mention. Thirdly, changes to repetitive activities in depression are very important indeed. The authors neglected to mention changes to sex drive that very commonly affect depressed people, and this really ought to be addressed as it has a big impact on marriages. Lastly, the authors rather underestimate the severity of the changes in manic-depressive illness. I think "an inflated self-esteem" doesn't quite do justice to grandiose delusions accompanied by relationship-wrecking hypersexuality! There is also no mention of auditory hallucinations in severe depression when the patient hears constantly derogatory words being spoken about him/her from somewhere outside (not in their heads - that's common and normal!). When auditory hallucinations occur In severe depression there can be all sorts of concerns about demon possession, but these concerns are neglected.

5. So, in summary I would say that for the majority of Christians who face depressive disorders of various kinds this book will be of much value - it's user-friendly, balanced, informative and deeply spiritual. It deserves a place at the top of the "what book can I give to my depressed friend?" list. Its weaknesses are minor and technical, and I feel hypercritical in making them. I will, in fact, go out an buy half a dozen copies to pass on to folk I know who will definitely benefit from it!

Passages:1 Kings 19:1-18
Date:May 14, 2017
Series & Preacher:RIBs - Really Important Bits, David Legg (Sunday Morning)
Tags:Depression
Earlier: Same day: Later:
« Matthew 6:33 - Top Priority None John 14:6; Deu 6:4 - RIB #5 Jesus and Pluralism »

1 Kings 19:1-18

19:1 Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, and how he had killed all the prophets with the sword. Then Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah, saying, “So may the gods do to me and more also, if I do not make your life as the life of one of them by this time tomorrow.” Then he was afraid, and he arose and ran for his life and came to Beersheba, which belongs to Judah, and left his servant there.

But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness and came and sat down under a broom tree. And he asked that he might die, saying, “It is enough; now, O Lord, take away my life, for I am no better than my fathers.” And he lay down and slept under a broom tree. And behold, an angel touched him and said to him, “Arise and eat.” And he looked, and behold, there was at his head a cake baked on hot stones and a jar of water. And he ate and drank and lay down again. And the angel of the Lord came again a second time and touched him and said, “Arise and eat, for the journey is too great for you.” And he arose and ate and drank, and went in the strength of that food forty days and forty nights to Horeb, the mount of God.

There he came to a cave and lodged in it. And behold, the word of the Lord came to him, and he said to him, “What are you doing here, Elijah?” 10 He said, “I have been very jealous for the Lord, the God of hosts. For the people of Israel have forsaken your covenant, thrown down your altars, and killed your prophets with the sword, and I, even I only, am left, and they seek my life, to take it away.” 11 And he said, “Go out and stand on the mount before the Lord.” And behold, the Lord passed by, and a great and strong wind tore the mountains and broke in pieces the rocks before the Lord, but the Lord was not in the wind. And after the wind an earthquake, but the Lord was not in the earthquake. 12 And after the earthquake a fire, but the Lord was not in the fire. And after the fire the sound of a low whisper. 13 And when Elijah heard it, he wrapped his face in his cloak and went out and stood at the entrance of the cave. And behold, there came a voice to him and said, “What are you doing here, Elijah?” 14 He said, “I have been very jealous for the Lord, the God of hosts. For the people of Israel have forsaken your covenant, thrown down your altars, and killed your prophets with the sword, and I, even I only, am left, and they seek my life, to take it away.” 15 And the Lord said to him, “Go, return on your way to the wilderness of Damascus. And when you arrive, you shall anoint Hazael to be king over Syria. 16 And Jehu the son of Nimshi you shall anoint to be king over Israel, and Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abel-meholah you shall anoint to be prophet in your place. 17 And the one who escapes from the sword of Hazael shall Jehu put to death, and the one who escapes from the sword of Jehu shall Elisha put to death. 18 Yet I will leave seven thousand in Israel, all the knees that have not bowed to Baal, and every mouth that has not kissed him.” (ESV)

 

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